Obesity has become one of the major health issues in recent times. The advent of technology has made day to day living easier and more comfortable. People today have very limited physical labor and this has started to show in their health. The kind of food that is being consumed these days is also adding to the population of obese people. Be it the Dominos, Mc Donalds or Mainland China- if you really want to cherish health, than these are not the places for you. All the fast foods contain lot of cholesterol and added flavors and preservatives which are like slow poisons. Obesity is not only a problem in itself but it brings along with it various other ailments. The effect of obesity is psychological too. The person being overweight seems to have lesser self confidence and often fails to deliver his or her best performance. The following are 10 major diseases that are related to obesity and fat.
10. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Cysts are undeveloped follicles which are found in the ovary. In polycystic syndrome, the woman has multiple under developed follicles in her ovary. This leads to a hormonal imbalance and causes irregular menstrual cycles. Ii has also been reported that POS can make a woman infertile if untreated. Obesity has been found to be one of the leading causes in women suffering from POS. Obesity disturbs the hormones which are required for the follicles to develop normally.
9. Gastric Ulcers.
Gastric ulcers are a very common problem in obese people. Overweight people tend to have an impaired digestion most of the time. Ulcers are formed when the gastric acid secretion is not in sync with the digestive enzyme- pepsin. As a result the stomach lining in contact with this acidic solution develops ulcers. Ulcers in turn impair digestion, if sever they can cause immense pain and at time they can cause bleeding. Losing a few pounds is a good option to get your digestion back on track.
8. Gall Stones.
Gall stones as the name suggest is a disease of the Gall Bladder. Gall bladder is an organ of the digestive system. The fat in the body is broken down with the help of bile- an enzyme secreted by the liver. The excess of bile is stored in the gall bladder from where it is released into the intestine via the hepatic duct. When too much of bile is produced, the enzyme starts deposition into the gall bladder and forms stones. These at times are smooth but at times are spiked in texture. If left untreated, it can block the outflow of gall bladder and in turn damage the bladder as well as the liver. It is painful too.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of mortality in today’s time. Diabetes Type II is the most widespread form of diabetes. It is when the body is either is not producing sufficient amount of insulin or there is delayed production of insulin. Obese people tend to simultaneously suffer from Diabetes as the blood sugars levels are elevated due to improper eating habits and sedentary life style. Diabetes in turn invites a lot of other troubles. Controlling you weight is very essential for controlling your blood sugar levels.
Arthritis is basically inflammation of joints. Osteoarthritis is the type which specifically affects those joints or rather those bones in the body which carry the body weight. These bones are the spine, hip joint or pelvis, keen joint, ankles etc. When a person is obese or simply overweight, these joints are made to over work. As a result the bones at the joint start eroding due to terrible friction and the bones collide. This makes movement very difficult and painful. There is no cure for Osteoarthritis, but medication can keep it under control.
Arteriosclerosis is the disease in which the arteries in the body are blocked or narrowed due to cholesterol deposition on their walls. When the artery is narrowed it starts delivering lesser oxygen and nutrients. Due to this that particular organ starts to perform poorly. When the artery gets completely blocked, that organ is deprived of any nutrients and thus starts dying. This can lead to organ failure or cirrhosis. Obese people, due to high cholesterol levels, have very high chances of getting arteriosclerosis.
Hypertension is one of the most common diseases for the overweight and obese people. Hypertension can arise due to many reasons. It can be due to ailing heart or it can be due to the above mentioned arteriosclerosis. High water retention in the body also triggers a high blood pressure. All these things are very common in obese people. Hence hypertension is so prominent in fat people. Losing a few kilos and curbing the salt and fat intake can definitely bring the pulse under control.
3. Heart Attack.
Another leading cause of mortality in developing nations is heart diseases. A person suffering from arteriosclerosis and hypertension is at a high risk of suffering from a stroke. If the artery in the heart is blocked or narrowed than it can lead to heart failure. Prolonged hypertension can cause congestive heart disease. Obesity is one of the major causes of COD in the world. About 300,000 people in US alone loose life due to COD every year. It has been reported that obesity is the leading cause of COD.
Cancer is a genetic disease but there are a lot of elements which have the potential of activating these genes. Obese people tend to have bad eating habits. Processed food items which are widely consumed, contain many ingredients which are potent carcinogens. Obesity itself leads to many hormonal imbalances in the body. Obese people with all those carcinogens in the body are therefore more prone to different types of cancers. The sedentary lifestyle also makes the body vulnerable.
1. Liver disease.
Liver is the body’s detoxifier. It protects the body from harmful elements by metabolizing them. In obese people the most common liver disorder that has been reported is “fatty liver’. This is nothing but accumulation of fat around the liver. This impairs digestion and the other vital functions of the liver. The other diseases are liver failure where the liver is impaired which further leads to liver cirrhosis. This is the advanced stage of liver damage which is irreversible. In obesity the liver has to do extra work to take care of the extra fat. Secondly, obese people are always prone to several diseases and therefore are on multiple medication therapies. This further exerts a lot of pressure on the liver as it is the liver that takes care of the drug in the body. Hence obese people tend to suffer various liver disorders.