10 Gardening Tips

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Love plants and desire to beautify your home with them? Want to avoid the expense of an extra gardener? You are at the right place.You can be a gardener too. Just some simple tricks. Check it out!

10. Clean gardening tools

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As we care about surroundings, and ourselves we must care about gardening tools too. It’s important not just to keep your garden area clean but also your gardening tools. It doesn’t just help to preserve them, but it also saves you money in the end and helps prevent the spread of disease. Dirty tools may introduce bacteria and fungi to fresh pruning wounds and spread around the garden. All those tools, which come in contact with the soil, should be washed off thoroughly with water after each use. After washing them, dry with some cotton rag before putting away. Even after washing and drying, steel tools are still susceptible to rust when exposed to oxygen. Motor oil is a good way to prevent rust. When applied the oil insulates the steel and prevent it from oxidizing. Sharpening your tools will also improve the performance, and they will be easier to work with.

9. Pruning

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Pruning is important. It will encourage flowering and plants will bear fruits better. It helps establish balanced growth in plants. The number one rule for pruning is that you need not fight nature. But since prune can be the wounds to the plants making a passage for disease, so it’s important to cut properly without leaving snags. It helps established balanced growth in plants.

Pruning can be done differently for different types of plants. Suppose, a plant is very container bound or rather say its pot bound, then lightly prune the roots. Shrubs grown for foliage should be cut down every spring to 4-5 buds to encourage new growth. Perennial flowers must be cut down in the fall. If they are diseased, then throw the foliage and do not compost it.

8. Pest control

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Pests are the insects or the mites, which have the ability to destroy plant and reduce the yield. It is important that you classify between the troublemaker pests and helpful insects. For example, lady beetles are common beneficial insects, whereas wireworms, white grubs, cut worms are pests.    It’s important that you examine plants thoroughly twice a week. Use hand lens with at least 10X magnitude.  They should be prevented from multiplying in the initial stages itself. There are various types of pest control such as biological, mechanical, organic, trap laying, using pesticides, elimination of breeding grounds, etc.

7. Cutting off weeds

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Weeds are the nuisance in the garden, it is important to remove them from garden to have healthy plants. There are many techniques to remove the weeds. The most popular technique is Hand pulling. Pulling weeds from hands are time consuming but is the safest way to eliminate weeds growing close to desirable plants without risking injury to the good plants roots. To get weeds out of cracks in pavement, use knifes or screw drivers. And there are many techniques to get rid of weeds like Mulching, Chopping, Trimming and etc. So adapt such techniques and get rid of weeds as soon as possible.

6. Create compost area

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Compost is decomposed organic material. It is made with materials such as shredded twigs, kitchen scrap from plants and leaves. It is the “black gold” for the gardeners.

Creating compost in the garden area can be beneficial. In case you have not done it yet, do it now. You can do this by simply buying a readymade compost bin or by making it yourself using spare bits of wood. This will serve two purposes. First, you will get a good place to dump and manage your garden waste. Secondly, you will be benefitted when this waste turns into compost. It will serve one more purpose, as you become free from paying to companies to haul away leaves as you can compost these leaves and add nutrients to soil.

5. Use organic fertilizers

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As our body needs nutrients to function and growth, this is similar with plants too. The soil contains many of the important nutrients needed, but as plants use them, the soil can become depleted. Fertilizing is the way by which fertility of the soil get replenish. There are at least 16 nutrients which are essential for plants growth. As it always said, “The healthier the soil, the healthier plants will be.” The purest form of organic fertilizer is a plant, animal, or mineral that is applied to the garden without processing. Good examples of organize fertilizers are green manures, animal manures, and wood ashes. Organic matter improves soil quality, moisture retention and drainage.

4. Watering

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Before watering, check the garden’s soil moisture, whether they need water or not and how much water is required. In the sunny days, watering plants in morning give them chance to drink up water before the sun arrives. This protects plants from wilting in afternoon heat. But if you can’t plan in early morning you can also plan for late afternoon- foliage that stays wet during humid night’s invites diseases and fungi to move in. Watering in afternoon is wastage as the moisture evaporates before plants take it. Seeds demand moisture close to the soil’s surface, but growing plants needs deep watering to develop roots that will find water in the subsoil when the dryness strikes. But be careful not to overwater.

3. Use space efficiently

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Since we have a garden and not a field, we have limited space. Therefore, it’s important that the space is efficiently used. Here is a list of how we can use garden area efficiently. First, plant in blocks. You can quadruple per square foot production of small kitchen veggies. It makes efficient use of space eliminating the unnecessary pathways. Second, try vertical gardening. It can increase garden returns. Third, plant interplant compatible crops. For example: with tomatoes, you can plant lettuce and spinach to grow in shade of taller plants. Fourth, plant one edible every week. It would be great enough if your garden offers up small bites of unusual veggies. You can plant them all in a separate row.

2. Plant according to season

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As we know every plant has its own growing season, the period of each year when the native plants and ornamental plants grow. The growing season is usually determined by climate and elevation. Depending upon the location, temperature, daylight hours and rainfall, may be all critical environmental factors. As we also know that fruits, vegetables and flowers etc enter in the market according to season and this season is known as growing season. If the plants are grown according to season, there growth will give the satisfying results i.e. Good growth. So planting according to season will be a wise decision which will make your garden healthy as well as full of fragrances.

1. Identify the soil type

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Always identify the soil type before planting plants in the garden. As there are many types of soils and each soil has its own characteristic. Soil is one of the key to have healthy plants and good growth, if you will not plant plants according to soil type you would not get the results you are looking for. Soil is the things which need to be taken care of. Texture and the pH of the soil are worth knowing. Soil is made up of three components: clay, sand and silt. Each soil has its own advantages and disadvantages and different types of plants are suited accordingly.

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