Natural resources refer to all the things present in our surrounding as a free gift of nature. Anything which comes from nature can be termed as natural resource. Natural resources are broadly divided in two categories: Renewable Natural Resource and Non-renewable Natural Resources. Renewable natural resources are those which are present in ample amount in nature and there is provision for their continuous replenishment at appropriate intervals. Hence they are inexhaustible, like air and water. On the other hand, Non-Renewable Natural Resources are those which are present in limited amount in nature. They do not renew themselves at a frequent rate. They are exhaustible like fossil fuels.
Our life without natural resources cannot be imagined. With the advancement of society their uses are increasing day by day. Since they are easily accessible and available in plenty they are getting exploited at a faster rate too. We must understand the fact that Natural resources are not anyone’s liability. We have got it from our ancestors and are supposed to return it to our future generation.
With the double fold growth of technology the need for conservation of natural resources is increasing rapidly. But it requires a lot of effort from all of us. If all of the individuals will get aware at their end then this threat of natural resources getting depleted will automatically vanish.
Here are 10 important and easy things you can do to conserve natural resources:
10. Pay your Taxes
Government is putting lots of effort for this burning issue. Several movements have been launched in this subject and there are several regulations to support this noble cause. But to implement this there is requirement for lots of investment and the government gets all it’s funding from our tax. Hence if we are paying our taxes on time, then a share of our income is being utilized for our own benefit.
9. Spread Awareness
Lack of awareness is a very common yet ignored reason behind the depletion of natural resources. The abundant resources like water, air, soil etc. are getting polluted and degrading because of this very reason. If you are aware with the importance of natural resources then you should make others aware too. In order to spread awareness some simple steps may be taken, like Street plays may be organised, you may launch Campaign with collaboration of NGOs for tree planting etc on specific days.
8. Use CFLs
Despite of saving electricity CFL brings lots of more advantages to you. CFL are not new to the society. Compact fluorescent lamp, abbreviated as CFLs have been replacing incandescent lamps. CFL use less energy and hence there is reduction in power outage too, which further reduces smog emission at power plants. Now you may be thinking that the CFL contains mercury then how are we helping environment by using CFLs. The answer is profits achieved with energy saving from the use of CFL are much more than the loss it is incurring to environment. CFLs are ceasing our dependence on energy.
7. Look for ENERGY STAR Rating while buying Electrical Appliances
In today’s world eliminating the use of electrical appliances like refrigerator, air conditioners, heaters etc sounds insane. We are so much dependent on them that we cannot even imagine our life without them. But at individual level we can at least reduce our energy consumption by 20-30% by switching to ENERGY STAR rated appliances. Appliances carrying ENERGY STAR service mark use 20-30% less energy than standard appliances.
6. Go Green
By saying go green we imply towards an eco-friendly and sustainable lifestyle. The best way to do this is planting some trees. If every family plants just a single tree once in 3-4 months then the severe problem of cutting of trees can be faced easily. Plantation also helps in reducing greenhouse effects. Apart from encouraging plantation this involves implementation of more eco-friendly lifestyle like switching to eco-friendly products, disposing your waste properly, using natural resources efficiently.
5. Conserve water
Although earth consist of 70% water on its surface but only 21% of which is usable rest is saline. Hence there is an immediate need to start conserving water resources to prevent ourselves from any water crisis in future. Water conservation at home does not require any external cost. You can implement this at your home in very simple steps, like reducing your shower duration, closing the tap while brushing your teeth, keeping a check on leaks from the taps and pipes, installing water saving shower and use of dish water and clothes on full load. Apart from this it is also advised to use broom instead of hose for cleaning purpose and watering your garden in early morning instead of rest part of day (this reduces water loss due to evaporation). These simple steps at individual level can reduce the water uses up to 35% i.e. an average individual using 70 gallon of water per day could save up to 25 gallons of water per day.
4. Switch to ‘e-world’
“Think before you print”. Papers are manufactured using tree pulp and for this purpose thousands of trees are cut down every year. The growing technology has introduced the remedy to it by introducing the e-world. This can facilitates every action that is available on pen and paper. We can do this at individual level by using out phones for showing tickets, using e-mails instead of letter, try to store your documents digitally rather than using paper files etc. In short switch to e-world, these simple steps can bring a significant change. Apart from this nowadays most of the competitive exams are also being conducted online.
3. Make it a Habit
Take care of small things and big things will automatically fall in line. Some significant changes at individual level like switching off lights and fan when not in use, closing water tap after you make your tooth brush wet, using washing machines only on full load, avoid littering etc can make a vast difference if adopted by majority. If everyone gets aware at their end and they adopt these simple habits then we will be able to save a lot.
2. Use of Public Transport
Transportation system is conserving tons of fuel every day. Apart from consuming energy this is also adding greenhouse gases in the environment. Nowadays everyone wants to ride his own car. Sharing rides for even once a week by every individual can make a huge difference. It is observed that if every family in United States uses one less gallon of gas per week, greenhouse gases may be reduced by one million tons.
1. The 3 R’s
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle are three most basic keywords in reducing waste and conserving natural resource. We have been taught this methodology at early level, and it is very effective if adopted efficiently. The best way of discarding waste is not producing it. Prevention is better than cure. This can be done in simple steps like using cloth napkins instead of paper napkins. Then comes the reusing i.e. using of same products again and again, its best example is polythene. Finally Recycling should be adopted. Recycling is the processing and re-manufacturing of used materials into new ones. There is a huge range of recyclable product in market. By adopting the 3R we will be able to reduce waste to a greater extent.