Electrical Motors have become an essential part of commercial and industrial applications. It is a type of machine that works on the principle of ‘electromagnetism’ where the electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy using the interaction between the magnetic field and current in its winding and producing/generating force in the motor.
There was a time when electrical motors consumed high amounts of electricity; however, with the advancement in technology, the electrical motors you see in the market nowadays are much more energy-efficient than their predecessors. So, you don’t have to worry about the sky-rocketing utility bills anymore.
In today’s era, where the lives of people are highly reliant on the electrical appliances, electric motors have found a prominent position in right from your houses to large manufacturing plants. It is because the premium efficiency motors have proven to be significantly successful in reducing energy use and costs.
For those having little or no knowledge of the subject, a satisfactory performance of the motor is governed by its efficiency – shaft or mechanical output power divided by the electrical input power. An electric motor performs optimally with a load range of 50hp to 100hp and is considered less efficient below 50% and overheats when loaded beyond capacity.
To achieve peak efficiency of the motor and sustain its performance, the experts recommend following these four ingenious ways –
Reduce Voltage Unbalance
Voltage unbalance is the measure of voltage differences between the phases of a three-phase system degrading the performance of electric motors. The unbalanced currents lead to torque pulsation, increased vibration and mechanical stress, and also motor overheating.
This voltage and current unbalance impact the motor’s operation and its life-span drastically. So, to have your electric motors perform to their best, you have to, first of all, eliminate all possibilities of voltage unbalance.
Keep a Check on Surroundings
It is very crucial to keep a close eye on the surroundings of your electric motor. You have to carry out frequent check-ups to observe air blockages (if any) that can hamper the performance of its cooling system as a motor’s life-cycle is prolonged if it keeps running cool.
Besides, consider keeping a minimum gap between the motor and the walls at its back of the fan so that there are enough air intakes.
Pick the Right Size
The size of the motor you buy for your use determines the level of efficiency it is going to give. If you talk about commercial uses, the electric motor you will require should be capable enough to take the load. Since there will be huge electrical appliances and machinery used in the industrial plants, they will obviously consume a big chunk of energy.
Moreover, different applications would require different kinds of motors. Depending upon the industry type and the process you want to carry out, you can choose – mechanical motor, electrical motor, or synchronous/ asynchronous motor along with the option to choose from a full-load or a less capacity one. Having said that, evaluate your purpose first and then choose a motor accordingly.
Carry out Proper Maintenance
Regular maintenance is the key to an efficiently working motor. The routine inspection helps the technicians to tap the problem before it creates any nuisance and fix it at the earliest. This also helps in keeping a check on the internal parts of the motor and finding out potential issues in advance.
Regular inspection of the motor saves it from severe damages and downtime and also increases its life without the need for costly repairs or replacements in the future.