When it comes to any electrical setup, wires and cables play a vital role. From houses and apartments to offices and industries, electrical cables are the lifeline of any electrical network. Without wires and cables, no electrification project is possible. It means that wires are the basic necessity of every electrical installation or electrical circuit. However, choosing the right wires and cables can be a tricky job. The safety and performance of any electrical setup largely depend on the right selection of cables. It is also noteworthy here that wire and cables are not the same things. The basic difference between the two is that a wire is a single electrical conductor and when these wires are grouped, they form a cable.
Both wires and cables are used to run electric currents in all applications that require power or lighting. The successful operation of any application depends on the wires you choose. So, you need to understand some basics of wire and cable selection to make the right choice. When selecting wires or cables, it’s crucial to determine factors like the cable construction, type of load served, mode of operation, maintenance, and more. Now, let’s find out things to consider when choosing wires and cables.
Selecting the Right Wire and Cables
When it comes to buying wires and cables, it’s easy to get confused because you need to know some technical details. It’s tricky to distinguish between substandard and high-quality wires because hundreds of manufacturers have entered the market. Getting low-quality wire can be risky because that may lead to electrical accidents in the event of overloading and sudden voltage fluctuations. So, whether you are looking for wires for residential purposes or commercial purposes, you need to do some research in advance. With that in mind, here are some factors to consider when choosing the right wires or cables for your application.
Factors to Consider When Buying Wires
When selecting wires or cables, you should consider factors like physical performance, functionality, and compatibility. You need to first determine the requirements of your specific project or application. Depending on your application needs, start looking for the wires that can withstand thermal fluctuations, electrical current surges, environmental factors like abrasion, and exposure to fluids and contaminants.
Current Load Capacity:
The current carrying capacity of a cable or wire indicates the amount of current a cable can carry. The current carrying capacity of cables depends on their size and is measured in amperes (Amp). It means, bigger size wires have more capacity to carry current. The cable size impacts factors like current carrying capacity, voltage regulation, and short circuit rating.
The different types of wires and cables are made of different materials such as copper, aluminum, and more. Copper and aluminum are the most commonly used conducting materials used for manufacturing wires. Copper is a better conductor of electricity and while aluminum is inexpensive. Copper is best suited for homes and offices because it is more ductile and durable as compared to aluminum which has a higher resistance and low conductivity.