Top 10 Common Psychological Problems

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In the busy metro cities, where our daily schedule goes topsy-turvy, and all sorts of issues keep on pestering us and knock our lives’ doors all the time, and worse is the fact that if we do not open the doors ourselves, they just barge in; one tends to lose control of one’s psyche. People are crippled with some or the other, serious or non-serious, psychological imbalance. The need to maintain a social life yet not at the stake of the pathetic but necessary professional front is bound to drive people crazy. The personal space is shrinking with every passing day. The much needed solitary introspection is getting replaced by status updates and twittering new tweets. With such ridiculously less time people giving to themselves and an ever increasing pressure in every sphere of life, no wonder have metamorphosed into trivial colloquial terminology. In this article, we bring forth the top ten psychological problems:

10. Schizophrenia

This mental disorder can be understood as an umbrella disorder as it incorporates various other psychological problems such as paranoia and hallucination. People suffering from schizophrenia find it difficult to comprehend things around them and express their emotions in a coherent manner. They have no clear stream of thoughts. They usually speak in broken sentences and are unable to gather meaning from facial expressions in terms of emotions and feelings. This disorder, if not treated properly, can prove to be fatal with respect to a person’s mental faculties and emotional quotient.

9. Paranoia

 

Paranoia is derived from a Greek word that refers to madness. An extension of this word forms the common word ‘paranoid’. Paranoia is a form of mental illness in which the patient lives in a fabricated world of their own imagination. The patients tend to believe in delusions and assume them to be the sole purpose and foundation of their lives. Their beliefs, if challenged, do not change at all. This mental illness has various divisions and sub-divisions. This psychological disorder can be treated with psychiatric help and emotional support of family and friends.

 

8. OCD

 

OCD refers to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. This is a director’s favorite psychological disorder as often some or the other character in movies suffers from this disorder. In this mental disorder, the person suffering becomes extremely obsessed with a person or a thing. Their actions then stem from this obsession in an irrational manner. Their obsession becomes a compulsory entity for their sustenance. This disorder should be treated immediately as people suffering from OCD can do acts that can be really harmful and irreversible.

7. Acrophobia

 

Acrophobia refers to the fear of heights. This phobia is found in many people all over the globe. The people suffering from this phobia are said to have had a traumatic experience with respect to height in their past. The sufferers tend to get hyper when at a certain height and remain agitated until they reach the ground safely. The phobia also inculcates a feeling of nausea and dizziness when people are faced with high altitudes. Acrophobia is also sometimes confused with vertigo which should be avoided. Vertigo simply refers to a general feeling of a spinning movement due to a malfunctioning vestibule system. The people suffering from this phobia can be treated with proper psychological and practical help.

6. Agoraphobia

 

The term ‘agoraphobia’ can be broken into two terms, ‘agora’ meaning public space and ‘phobia’ meaning fear. Simply, this refers to the fear of being in public places. The people suffering from this develop cold feet when asked to face the public. The most commonplace example of this is the student trembling to go on stage and perform. Such people are sometimes mistaken to be sociopaths as they tend to behave in an awkward fashion in society gatherings. The symptoms are very evident, the most common being excessively apprehensive about social meetings and interacting with a large number of people.

5. Aqua phobia

 

Aqua phobia as the name suggests, refers to the fear of water. This is also known as hydrophobia. People suffering from this phobia steer clear of water bodies such as lakes, swimming pools, seas and everything else. In some serious cases, people get scared of rain also. In this scenario, the role of family and friends becomes pivotal as they have to deal with a lot of sensitivity and intensity of insecurity.

4. Necrophobia

 

Necrophobia deals with the irrational fear of dead things and things associated with death. People suffering from Necrophobia are afraid of corpses, coffins, funerals and tombstones. Necrophobia sometimes takes a cultural shade as a number of cultural groups altogether have a fear of evil dead coming back to life to haunt them. The symptoms of Necrophobia include shortness of breath, feeling of dread and terror and excessive sweating. A typical Freudian reading of this phobia suggests that the sufferer must have experienced something ghastly related to death, such as death of closed ones or attending a sorrowful funeral. At times, as is the case with most of the psychological disorders, the patient is deliberately brought face-to-face with their irrational fear, in order to swipe it off for lifetime.

3. Narcissism

 

“Mirror, mirror on the wall; who’s the fairest of them all?” This chant of fairy tale aptly puts the entire concept of narcissism in one sentence. The people suffering from this psychological problem are known as narcissists. In a more colloquial manner, these people might be addressed as self –obsessed. They have an extreme sense of Self and find all the rest of the world to be frivolous and superficial. They uphold their personalities as the best in the entire universe.

2. Hallucination

 

This disturbed state of mind is one of the most commonplace psychological disorders prevalent in today’s world. In this, the people suffering tend to imagine things and visualize them. At times, this is only based on sound also. People give tangibility to their latent thoughts and desires. This state of mind also rises due to some sort of fear or insecurity in Freudian terms. The false visualization becomes so intense a vision in their brains that they ignore the basic truth which the people around are trying to convey to them. They develop a rigid sense of understanding and do not accept the falsehood of their visions and sights.

1. Depression

 

Any person today seems to be suffering from depression at some point or the other in their lives. Due to an overwhelming pressure in every sphere of life and the inability to deal with them effectively leads to depression. The most common symptoms of depression are lack of appetite, mood swings, and erratic sleep schedule and so on. People suffering from depression also find it difficult to cope up with the errands on personal and professional front. Such people should break their shell and talk their heart out with family and friends in order to sort out their lives.

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