The most sensitive part of a person’s body is the brain because the function of a human body depends on the brain. The brain is the most delicate & sensitive part of a body. During an accident when a person hits his head, it is the skull which protects the brain from the damage. A heavy bump, fall, accident, jolt on the head can result in a head injury. Injuries from a motorcycle accident or from a sporting event are the most severe as the head injuries include concussion, skull fracture or traumatic brain injury.
There are two types of head injuries, an open and a closed one. The close injury is the one in which there is no crack on the skull while the open injury is the one in which something penetrates through the skull damaging the brain tissues. Between the two, the open injury is the most dangerous one. When a person gets a head injury , there are two possible cases. Either the person is conscious or unconscious after the hit. In both the cases the person should avoid any kind of movement as we do not know what other parts of the body have become injured. Because all the body parts are connected to the body, any sudden movement can potentially cause paralyzation. Another thing to watch for is the breathing of the individual. Make sure that the person keeps breathing. If there is a wound and blood is protruding, try to stop the bleeding by applying appropriate pressure until medical professionals arrive.
During the accident if there are injuries on some other part of the body, they can be healed with time but among all kinds of injuries, the head injuries are considered the worst. The ten reasons why head injuries are the worst are:
10. Retirement from Career:
Head injuries often leave a person completely feeble, either physically or mentally. Sometimes head injuries damage a part of the brain which is connected to a particular body part. The brain injury leaves that body part disabled or otherwise handicapped. Other than that the brain injuries can leave a very deep stigma on the mind even after the recovery as the person finds it very difficult to concentrate on things. In addition, they will find it difficult to understand things and there memory is potentially viable to be affected. In such situations the person has to give up on their career and find some other means of living which is not affected by their injury. It becomes almost impossible to continue as a professional when coordination and memory are required. For example Marckie Hayes, a footballer had to give up his career and became a coach after his head injury.
9. Unpredictable outcome:
Head injuries are very unpredictable as sometimes a very hard blow leaves a person completely healthy or sometimes even a slight hit causes severe damage and leaves the person completely disabled. Head injuries are very unique because we are never sure as to what can happen as simpler cases become the most complicated in addition to miracles coming about. In most of the cases the person wakes up with no idea about what happened to them and how they became injured, having no memory of the accident.
8. Loss of intellectual prowess:
Intellectual prowess translates to extraordinary intelligence and capabilities. After a severe brain injury a person loses this ability and they are no longer capable of dealing with the scientific and creative work they might have done sometime in the past. Being unable to solve puzzles, confusion between patterns, the brain injury can deprive the person of their rocket science mind.
Head injuries can leave a part of body paralyzed, which means that a part of the body is no longer functioning correctly. Apart from that there are many other weird cases as science has shown that during the head injury some of the tissues can get mixed up. For example, if you wanted to move your leg you would tell your brain to do so but instead the arm is moved. Or a person wishing to do a movement but then not being able to.
6. Loss of sensory organs:
Brain injury can cause a person to lose their sensory organs. It is not just the physical condition of the body which is affected but also the sensory organs such as hearing, seeing, tasting etc. There are cases when a person loses their sight, the ability to speak or hear. In the case of a traumatic brain injury, the sight of a person is a very delicate issue. When it comes to the head injuries, a mild traumatic injury can also do severe harm often resulting in blindness.
The most common outcome of a brain injury is the loss of memory, either the entire memory of the person is erased or some portion of it. In some cases there are lapses in memory where many important life memories are forgotten. There are chances that their memory will come back but there is still a great chance that they will not remember anything. The worst part among all this is that you have to be very careful with these people as a little pressure on them can cause even more damage.
4. Non diagnostic damage:
There are times when the person is not aware of the injury on the brain and the brain injury gets worse with time. By the time the person finds out it has already become too late. The symptoms of a head injury include nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, fluid leaking from eyes & nose, severe headache etc. When a head injury is not treated in a timely manner then the injury on the brain starts to swell and eventually gets worse.
Death is the ultimate result of a head injury as 1 out of every 10 falls results in the death of a person. In some accidents death comes instantly as a severe hit on the head can cause irreparable damage which results in death. Sometimes the damage is such that in the beginning it doesn’t look that serious but after some time the injured area starts getting worse. In some cases the blood becomes clotted in the brain blocking the passage of blood which can also become a cause of death if not operated immediately.
A head injury leaves the person often in a coma with no knowledge of when they will wake up. Sometimes a coma will last a few hours, few weeks, and sometimes a few months. There are times when the person never wakes from coma and all his friends & family can do is wait. During the coma, the patient is to be kept under constant care paying special attention to the patient’s breathing. When in coma, the person has all their senses active but they are unable to respond. They can listen to what people are talking about and can even try to respond when someone calls their name by often moving a finger or flickering of their eyes.
1. Brain Dead:
Brain dead means that the brain of a person has died. Their heart will keep beating but it will only be their heart functioning as no other body part will be working. None of the person’s sensory organs will be active. Once the brain dies there are no chances of recovery. In simple words we say that the brain stops working and it no longer can support the body. The life of that person is supported by machines controlling their blood pressure and heart rate etc. In many states a person is considered legally dead during such circumstances.