Scientists and farmers look carefully, with curiosity and even awe at the latest innovation in farming that has come up: Organic Farming. The transition from traditional farming methods to the fascinating idea of modern organic farming is slow but steady. The idea of organic farming is really fascinating and breathtaking but the biggest challenge is to make it conducive for our small farmers with weak economic backgrounds. The prime catalyst and the major reason behind the acceptance of organic farming is the natural lifestyle of farmers. Farmers, therefore, have embarked on a journey that has transformed the lives of millions of people across the world. However, scientists and farmers also have a few preconceived apprehensions about organic farming. This article is an attempt to bury those apprehensions and encourage the onslaught of organic farming that has a flourishing potential. I present to you the top 10 reasons to switch over to Organic Farming.
10. Protection from toxic Pesticides
Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides to increase crop production has augmented the deterioration in quality of the yield. Some of the pesticides used are actually hormone disruptive chemicals that can cause irreparable damage to our metabolism. Birth defects, obesity, infertility and stunted mental growth are other horrendous consequences of excessive usage of pesticides. Organic farming resolves this magnanimous problem. It protects you from toxic pesticide residues found on fruit and vegetable skins. Organic farming does not compromise with your health as the whole process is completely natural. Bio fertilizers and bio pesticides are used in place of the hazardous chemical elements.
Organic farming involves exploring and discovering nature’s pathways. While chemical farming destroys natural resources, organic farming protects and replenishes them. It contains an interconnected web of biodiversity, bio resources and manpower. The appeal of organic farming is boundless. Organic farming helps to enhance agriculture and ecosystems, biodiversity, biological cycles and soil activity. There is an interconnected natural system where natural dung is used as manure; manual labor is employed to handle the growing crop, bio pesticides derived from bacteria are used.
8.Less wastage of water
Crops raised using organic methods of farming do not use much water because soil degradation and salination do not occur much in the soil structure in this case. At times, during heavy rains, water from non organic farms enters the adjacent organic fields thus affecting the purity of the crop. Adoption of organic farming by a huge majority of farmers is therefore important for its complete and substantial success. It can solve the perpetual crisis of irrigation that poor farmers face.
7.Prevents Soil degradation
Soil is a very important natural resource that plays a significant role in our lives. Everything ranging from growth of plants to onslaught of monsoons and spread of diseases depends on the type of soil that we thrive in. Chemical farming gruesomely destroys, degrades and debilitates this momentous resource. Due to decreased Organic Carbon Content (OCC) levels in the soil, farmers generally use excess fertilizers which pollute water and environment. However, by practicing organic farming OCC level of soil starts increasing. Through organic farming nutrients drawn from the soil are restored back and the soil gets replenished automatically. The yield harvested is thus rich in proteins and nutrients.
6.Reduces global warming
Fertilizers like diammonium phosphate used in chemical farming release out greenhouse gases that cause global warming. On the contrary, natural cow dung or manure is used in organic farming which reduces global warming. A majority of farmers rear livestock, and the dung generated is used as manure. In addition, green manure and vermin compost are also used by the farmers who have switched over to organic farming.
5.Effective in combating global climate change
Organic agriculture reduces fossil fuel consumption by 33 percent. It eliminates carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and places it in the soil in the form of organic matter. It is one of the most effective strategies for reducing carbon dioxide emissions and combating global climate change. Organic farming has planted the seeds of a dream; a dream that can promise us a better future; a hope that this innovation in agriculture can reverse the numerous damages that we have caused to the environment. This idea can really do wonders if implemented well.
4.Prevents nutrient leaching
Nitrate fertilizers that are used in chemical farming or conventional farming can cause algal blooms and eutrophication. Organically fertilized fields reduce this harmful nitrate leaching. Nitrates are also harmful for the lives of rivers and the organisms thriving on these rivers. Rivers can transform into complete dead zones due to nitrate leaching. Therefore, it is advised to use organic fertilizers for growth, management and sustenance of crops.
Organic farming requires huge manpower and labor. Machine work is kept minimal while manual labor is required in colossal proportions. Sowing seeds, collecting cow dung, fertilizing the soil, collecting bio pesticides and using them, harvesting the crops and soil replenishment, crop rotation, composting are the works done by the farmers themselves. Therefore, this industry is labor intensive. Employment is generated in enormous proportions thus enhancing the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a nation. It is a proven fact that organic farms employ more workers than conventional ones.
2.Profitability and productivity
Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides to increase production augmented the investment costs, burdening the already troubled farmers. During ever season, there remains an acute shortage of fertilizers like urea, diammonium phosphate and potash. Farmers have to waste several days during peak farming season to get fertilizers from other states wasting large amounts of time and money. On the other hand, the decreased cost of fertilizers and pesticides in organic farming coupled with the high demand for organic products across the globe lead to the earning of huge profits by the farmers. Organic farming is capable of alleviating the farmers from poverty and distress. It can rekindle their spirits and fill their lives with sheer ecstasy and plain happiness. So, why shouldn’t we give it a shot?
1.Food security and Sustainability
Organic agriculture can contribute to the social, economic and ecological development of a nation. It is because of this major reason that it is encouraged among farmers. Organic farming can empower a starving and poor nation by providing food security. It is a revolution in itself. Organic farming may not immediately increase the crop production but it will certainly encourage sustainable farming by maintaining the health of soil and water. Organic farming actually preserves the environment. It provides a sustainable alternative to traditional methods of farming. It is a viable alternative for the present generation as well as posterity.