All that you need to do
- The law mandates that you organise such a construction site that it allows for pedestrians and vehicles using these site routes to be able to be able to move around safely.
- The routes need to be devised in such a manner so that it’s feasible for the people or vehicles that use them. Essentially, this will mean laying out suitable positions and that also positions that are apt in both size and number.
- The term ‘vehicles’ will largely encompass lorries, vans, cars, low – loaders as well as mobile plant namely, lift trucks, excavators and site dumpers.
It should be noted that incidents involving construction site vehicles should be averted by the effective management system of the transportation operations during the course of the construction process.
Factors to keep in mind
It has been observed that every year, approximately ten people have lost their lives on an account of being struck by vehicles on site. Within the construction sector, there are many deaths and casualties’ which can be averted, provided adequate precautions are undertaken. Everyone from managers/supervisors to labourers to visitors and even members of the general public can be susceptible to risks. Therefore, it is impertinent that utmost precautions and safety guidelines are taken.
Vehicles and pedestrians need to be kept far apart
Incidents within the construction industry tend to occur as a result of poor segregation of vehicles and pedestrians. Typically, this can be avoided with the help of careful planning, especially at the design level and also, by having control of the vehicle operations during the time of the construction work. Enclosed below, are the ideal measures which can keep vehicles and pedestrians apart:
- Entrances and exits – laying out separate entry and exit gateways for vehicles and pedestrians alike.
- Walk ways – Providing a well paved out pedestrian walkways which will lead to a direct route whenever it is possible.
- Crossing – this is where walkways will happen to cross roadways, and will give a clearly signed indication. Additionally, there will be a lit crossing point wherein pedestrians and drivers will be able to see each other clearly.
- Better visibility – this will ensure that the drivers driving on the roads will be able to see in both directions along the footpath before they drive onto it.
- Obstructions – this is so that there is no blockage of walkways which in turn, will prevent the pedestrians from having to step onto the vehicle route.
- Barriers – the installation of a barrier will forge a separation between the walkway and the roadway.
Cutting back on vehicle movements
It should be noted that with proper planning, there is a possibility of minimising the vehicle movement around a site. For instance, landscaping helps to alleviate the quantities of spoil movement.
In an effort to cut back on the number of vehicles on site, the following steps should be taken:-
- Providing sufficient van and car parking for the members of the workforce as well as visitors and such parking spaces should be away from the work area.
- Controlling/restricting entry to the work area.
- Planning and laying out storage areas to prevent delivery vehicles from crossing the site.
Employees on site
The employers should ensure that the workers are mentally sound and physically capable enough to be able to operate the machinery, vehicles and attachments that they utilize on the work site. Examples of this can be observed in the following:-
- Undertaking thorough verification with regards to the recruitment of operators, drivers, and contractors
- Allocate training sessions for operators and drivers
- Effective management of the activities of the visiting drivers
In addition, the people who are appointed to control the vehicle movements (signallers) should also be trained and authorised to do the same.
- Reversing the vehicles should only be done as and when it is necessary and performed with a great deal of caution as it could lead to serious injuries and even death.
- By allowing a one-way system, you are eliminating the potential risks, particularly in the case of storage spaces.
- A turning circle should ideally be installed in order for the vehicles to turn without having to reverse.
If vehicles reverse in spots where pedestrians are present then the risks of a potential injury becomes much more heightened and then visibility becomes critical issue that needs to be dealt with. Some of the considerations of that should be taken into account are listen in the following:-
- Providing aids for the drivers
This includes CCTV cameras, mirrors, reversing alarms which can assist drivers to see movement around the vehicle
- Vehicle and plant marshallers
These are specialists who are assigned to control the manoeuvres and who are highly trained to perform such tasks
This allows pedestrians and drivers on shared routes to be able to see each other clearly. However, lighting might be required post sunset or if the weather is bad
The pedestrians who are present on the construction site need to wear high – visibility clothing