Roads and streets are for everyone, including school children, people with disabilities, motorists, cyclists, pedestrians, as well as emergency vehicles. As such, safety is paramount when it comes to constructing roadways.
The contractors working on roads and highways need to make sure that their workers are safe along with the citizens that may surround their work. In addition to considering the management of vehicular traffic through, past or around the work site, it’s important to think about the needs of all road users. Even the simplest mistake in managing road work can have serious consequences and for this reason, every state makes Traffic Management Plan (TMP) compulsory.
What is a Traffic Management Plan (TMP)?
Typically, Traffic Management Plans means a strategy used to ensure proper movement of traffic. However, in the present scenario, a traffic management plan has taken a different approach. In the case of roadwork construction, TMS implies planning and implementing strategies about all likely road users who will be safely and efficiently guided through a roadwork’s site. This plan ensures that the performance of the network is not excessively affected during the work. For this reason, companies working on municipal streets or multi-lane freeways, hire experts to create a traffic management plan to cope up with the rising concerns related to traffic. The traffic management companies formulate a traffic plan to ensure safety is maintained for workers, drivers, and pedestrians, without hampering the roadway construction work.
Purpose of a Traffic Management Plan (TMP)
There are various Ministry and non-Ministry funded projects such as roadwork on highways and many roadways which requires an efficient Traffic Management Plan (TMP). The major highways and roadways can’t be temporarily closed during construction work because that will cause a significant burden to the public. For this reason, it becomes necessary to prepare TMP which ensures smooth completion of the project while mitigating all potential risk factors. Once TMS is approved, TMP is prepared which provides details of traffic control personnel and the level of impact the project will have on everyone. The sub-plans in a traffic management plan document include:
Traffic Control Plan:
This plan is intended to define measures for traffic control. With the help of texts, layouts, and drawings, the plan explains the traffic control measures needed for the project. It also gives a description of the work area, as well as the placement of traffic control personnel and devices.
Public Information Plan:
As a part of TMP, this plan is for the general public. It defines the communications strategy for informing the public about the work and kind of inconvenience that will come along. On the basis of the level and scale of the project, the plan also mentions the medium to be used for informing the public through the media, such as local TV channel or radio, signage, or social media.
The Incident Plan comprises of Incident Response Plan and Incident Management Plan. All the potential risks associated with the project are identified in the Incident Response Plan. This plan describes the measure to be taken to respond to an incident such as contacting an emergency response agency or informing the Ministry of Transportation. The Incident Management Plan, on the other hand, defines procedures for the proper management of the incident.
This is the final plan which sketches out the ways for implementing all the above-mentioned sub plans. It includes the job details and responsibilities of all personnel and project manager.