Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a psychotherapeutic treatment that helps identify and change destructive and deteriorating thought patterns that cause a negative influence. These thoughts may also push the body to act peculiarly, which heavily disrupts mental peace. CBT is aimed at curbing thoughts that may later culminate in anxiety or depression. CBT cleanses the thought process and directs the brain towards thinking constructive and realistic.
How does CBT help?
CBT is highly beneficial for people who have trouble focussing on the past. They are either too hung up on the past or keep thinking about the future. This instils uncertainty and distress. CBT is a short-term treatment that makes the thought process more present-oriented. Not only does CBT help filter thoughts, but it is also known to be highly effective in helping people with their life problems.
CBT is used to treat a wide range of mental and personal conditions such as:
- Anger issues
- Eating Disorders
- Personality Disorders
- Panic attacks
- Bipolar disorders
- Low self-esteem
- Chronic illness
- Divorce or break up.
What are the different types of cognitive behavioural therapy?
Cognitive Therapy: This focuses on disruptive and cynical thinking patterns. It identifies and resolves emotional responses and anxious behaviour.
Multimodal therapy: This suggests that psychological issues can be resolved by handling the seven different modal identities, which are namely behaviour, sensation, affect, imagery, impersonal factors, cognition, and biological considerations.
Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy: This deals with irrational beliefs and phobias, actively but constructively challenging these inbuilt faiths and moulding the thought pattern to see the vagueness behind them.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy: This focuses on dealing with emotions through strategies that involve mindfulness. This addresses unusual and disturbing thoughts and behaviour.
Why is CBT advisable?
CBT is not just about identifying problems. It is about tackling them. CBT enables people to face the thoughts that they find disturbing or trouble causing. CBT focuses on resolving the negative thought process through a wide range of strategies. People who find themselves being dizzy headed due to constantly disturbing thoughts should seek professional help to tackle the problem at the very root.
The unique features of CBT are:
Identifying negative thoughts and practising and overcoming them: Everybody has negative thoughts. What is essential is not to give in to them. When people let thoughts get the best of them, that is when the trouble starts. CBT includes letting people understanding their emotions and coming to terms with them. Through introspection and self-discovery, one can quickly learn to resolve the thoughts that would otherwise trigger a sudden relapse.
Goal Setting and Self-monitoring: CBT works around a manual: The patient is asked to set short term and long-term goals for themselves. They are then discussed with the therapist and agreed upon. Goal setting gives people a better chance to assess their growth and to compare the changes they have seen in themselves. People can also maintain a journal wherein they keep a record of their eating schedule. They can even journal their feelings in the course of the day. This helps them in knowing what all things they have been doing better.
Problem-solving: CBT makes people self-aware and more organized. This makes it easier for them to register a problem and then work towards finding a solution. Instead of wanting to skip or run away, they learn to face and find the way out. This instils confidence and the ability to sustain an independent individual.